FINAL E-Journal Entry in EDS 103

The game is not yet over… But I am going to succeed…

I am truly amazed on my adventure in EDS 103 which is Theories of Learning. Final exam is fairly exciting, but the most important for me is what can I say about this subject? In the beginning of the class, Honestly, I’ve felt nervous because this is my first time to study through Distance Learning. But my strong eagerness to become an educator in the future pushed me to learn how to overcome that anxiety. Studying while working has never been easy for me, but for some reasons, I still find the course enjoyable at the end of the day. I have learned a lot about theories of learning in EDS 103. From behavioral, social, cognitive and constructivist, and even going far to epistemology, I learned that these theories, whether accepted or unaccepted, has affected most of our lives. I have learned how BF Skinner uses reinforcements in learning, the various stimuli introduced by Pavlov.

I can also not forget about the types of memory that identified the procedural and declarative aspects of learning in my profession. Piaget, who introduced me about the terms assimilation and accommodation, and also Vygotsky, which taught me that people around me will also affect the way I construct knowledge. These are just some of the things I have learned in this subject, and truly, I am more than amazed to what I have discovered. Piaget and Vygotsky are the theorists that I like the most. For me, they bring more sense in the capacity of a human being to learn. With the theories and principles about learning, I can carefully say that my knowledge about education has been expanded. The only thing I can do now of course is to apply what I have learned in my workplace, and finally, share this knowledge of mine to my colleagues and to the future generations.

Theoretical foundations of Learning are very important. Knowing how students learn best differently is a big factor among educators towards effective planning and teaching implementation. Considering the diversity of learners, we can always capitalize on their strengths in learning in an effort of mobilizing other aspects of themselves. Personally, these theories provided me a more solid understanding of how should I teach in the future.
The game is not yet over. We just have started. Now that we’ve come to the end of this term (specifically for this course EDS 103), I know we will continuously bear in our minds and hearts whatever it is that we’ve learned. For me, it’s a very good foundation for us who aspire to become noble teachers.

I am looking forward to experience same level of enthusiasm and learning spirit in the coming terms. I will definitely miss everyone. I know we will all meet again-maybe not as classmates anymore, but for one surest thing, as professional teachers in our respective fields. Stay positive! We just finished one race but the game is not necessarily over. The road to success is yet to come and I hope each of us will continue until the end.

From the bottom of my heart, I thank Prof. Lou Juachon, Ph.D for this wonderful opportunity.

I am a simple person who strives hard in learning a lot of things in life, I still need to learn more and more about life.

May God bless us all!

 

 

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e-Journal Module 7 : Successful Learning

We are all learning in our own different perspectives of our lives. Learning as concluded by the theories can be both from behavioral and cognitive approach. But how can we say that the learner has successfully learned a material?

Base on my own interpretation, I can say that a learner has successfully learned the meaning of the material if they can be able to apply the learning in certain circumstances of everyday living. Behavioral learning has been a concept approach to study learning which was based mostly on how to reinforced student’s behavior towards the learning process. In this sense, the students are programmed until they reach the goal of behavioral process. For such, during the process of behavioral approach, they are being able to apply the behavior that they used to do, while learning the material itself.

According to Schunk (2012), Learning is an enduring change in behavior, or in the capacity to behave in a given fashion, which results from practice or other forms of experience.

We always say that experience is the best teacher. But how can we say that it is a successful learning through experience? We can say that it is a successful learning if through our own experience, we able to grasp the material while learning what is really right and just, of what is in the reality. We cannot always say that you were a successful learner, for in yourself, you will decide if what you have learned will be used for yourself ego, or apply it for the improvement for your own success in your life.

Academic achievement for me is mostly relied on the cognitive approach of learning. In which, greatly influenced by the theory of Benjamin Bloom through his taxonomy of cognitive skills. Academic achievement for me is mostly correlated on how you well performed in school and on how well you understand the material.  It is an achievement for which the basis are the grades, rubrics, performance, skills involvement as directed by the teacher. Learning on the other hand is also correlated with academic achievement but the difference is on how the material has been applied in their own life in and outside the academic institution. Learning is a change. A change in both cognitive, affective and manipulative approach that allows you to become a better member of this society.

When I think about how challenging it would be to mix work and school this year, I remind myself that everything we go through is part of a learning process. It is also inspiring to see other students with similar stories and hopes.

References:

Schunk, Learning theories, 5th ed, 2008

http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/bloom.html

eJournal Updates (Module 6) Constructivist Experential Theories

I think most people think that learning and gaining knowledge is a survival tool. They want to be developed and learn more and they always have a competitive spirit that they are hungry for new knowledge and want to discover new things. People wants perfection, and these perfections are also defined by society and we don’t exactly know what perfect means by other society.

Constructivism is simply defines as an active construction of knowledge and understanding by learners, a theoretical approach which focuses mainly on the students self learning effort rather than being passive to what is known as teacher-centered instruction. In this manner of teaching it can clearly describes its difference from other traditional views which strongly suggest on the absorption way of acquiring knowledge rather than the student’s active role in the construction of knowledge.

The Piagetian concept about knowing argues that an individual gain knowledge and understand something through exploration and construction of knowledge. Piaget study on the infant’s behavior rejects behaviorist perspectives that the mind of the newborn baby is a blank slate (tabula rasa) because in his careful observation, the newborn baby has the ability to form complex ideas. He believes that during the first two years of young infants is the stage where representation of stimuli from the environment enables them to develop intellectual ability which progresses gradually depends on how often the infant is exposed to a certain stimuli and of the infant’s way to response with the aid of their senses. In relation to learning in the classroom, students are active learners which teachers should give students the opportunity to engage in any learning activities where they themselves able to ask questions, analyze, investigate, interpret and make use of the prior knowledge to achieve understanding necessary for the construction of new knowledge.

In this learner-centered instruction, competition among learners are not in practice but rather learners are expected to work cooperatively to the other learners and can freely express their own understanding in which sometimes they themselves will act the role of the teacher. Teacher then is there to guide and facilitate students to any activities that promotes learning but still teacher always have the important role for successful learning of their students, they in fact have a lot of things to do as they are responsible in ensuring the learning materials are accessible to every learners and most importantly is the teachers flexible ability to handle class with learners different interest and needs.

One of the most familiar and common practice of teaching which shows constructivism approach was when a teacher divides the large class into smaller groups and each group has given the same task. Members in the group are engaged actively in an open discussion applying their existing knowledge and their inputs relating it directly from their real-world experience. In this learning activity, students are able to construct their own questions, make interpretations of the world and draw conclusions from their own.

During my younger years, learning through school is really absurd, I don’t understand the system. Growing up is the same, I don’t think that I will change my mind about education system but I am law abiding citizen and always following what my parents say so I go to school, finish my university degree and earn some master’s units and now taking some education units. I still can’t comprehend why the flow of my life is like this. Maybe soon, while teaching, I may be able to find the exact answer that my heart really desire.

 

Reference:

Constructivism as a Paradigm for Teaching and Learning. In Concept to Classroom site.Retrieved from: http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2class/constructivism/index_sub4.html

 

 

Module 5. Cognitive Theories of Learning

The arrival of the computer was the strong point of Cognitive Psychologist in investigating human mind as it gave a better metaphor in comparing computer system to how human mind works but again behaviorist found this as insufficient since there is a big difference between human and computers as computers don’t have emotions and never get tired. In the computer system, what information you stored in the memory regardless if it is relevant or not are basically the information that you will be able to retrieve, all stored data’s are said to be permanent and with no validation whether information’s are relevant in the system or not.

In this aspect I would say the dominant side of the computer when comparing it to my memory because my memory is capable only of holding stimuli permanently only if it is relevant and forget things quickly if it found things of no value. Unlike the computer which is limited only to what is being stored in the memory, my brain is capable of discovering new set of knowledge, improve my ability and the skills to do critical thinking and problem solving.
It’s easy for me to remember things from my childhood.

My first teacher in Kindergarten was Mrs. Rosalina Perez, a strict teacher but she always gave candies to their students if we get perfect score for our activities. (I can still remember her face). Our first classroom had one blackboard surrounded by alphabet cut-outs in creative forms. We used to sit in desk-chairs in different colors. I can no longer recall what group and row I was seated but I’m sure we had 4 groups of chairs, each being occupied by two students. And I still remember the names of my few classmates, Heidi, Sheila, Ronnie, Rio, Edsel, Edwin, Noel. I remember Noel one of our classmate is always crying because he wants his mom inside our classroom. I remember Mrs. Perez taught us the ABCs through her visual aid: just plain Manila paper with the alphabet letters on it.

It just shows that my long term memory, specifically, my declarative-episodic memory, is well functional. The information was encoded long time ago in my sensory memory, then was immediately processed hence stored in my short term memory, then deeply processed and was transformed into episodic long time memory. So now, I can vividly recall my first teacher, my first classroom, even some of my first classmates and happenings in our class. Long term memory can actually store unlimited amount of information for long periods of time with just a little waning over time. This includes episodic memory which refers to our memory of experiences or autobiographical events in the past.

After writing and doing this activity, I realized that memory is really amazing in a sense that you can recall even those that are very remote events in your life. However, sometimes I wonder why not all life experiences can be easily brought into consciousness and present thinking? Some needs a couple of effort before finally remembering while others are fragmented no matter what I do. Well, partly it’s because of the physiologic capacities and limitations of our mind as well as the practices that each of us does that may either make or break our mind’s condition. By applying the things I’ve learned from this module, I know I can still strengthen this ability of mine.

 

Reference:

G. Schraw & M. McCrudden (2013). Information Processing Theory. Retrieved from http://www.education.com/reference/article/information-processing -theory/

e-Journal Module 4 : Social Learning Theories

Psychologist Albert Bandura has defined selfefficacy as one’s belief in one’s ability to succeed in specific situations or accomplish a task. One’s sense of selfefficacy can play a major role in how one approaches goals, tasks, and challenges.

Based on my own experiences there’s a time that I almost lose my confidence. Before I became an OFW I was a Police Officer in the Philippines and working in our government for almost 9 years.  I grabbed the opportunity that came to my life when I received an email if I’m interested to work in Saudi Arabia for the position of Male Secretary. I don’t have any idea regarding for the work of being a male secretary that time, but I grabbed the opportunity because my goal is to give better future for my family because we all know that the salary of a police officer in the Philippines is not well compensated.

I arrived in Saudi Arabia Year 2008, and it’s very difficult for me to adjust  regarding for my previous work as Police Officer spun to become Secretary especially my boss is the General Manager in the company.  After 2 Years, I’m not renewed my contract in my first company because our salary is always delayed and I tried to applied in other company and fortunately I am hired again  as the Sr. Secretary for the Vice President. During that time, I always targeting the position of HR Coordinator because I want to work in HR Department to help other people to work in abroad especially my fellow Filipinos but every time I sent my CV’s to other companies I always received a replies that there is no available position that suitable for my qualification . In this matter, I lose my confidence and I’m tired to apply in other company. I’ve always keep on praying  that if this position is for me God will make a way for me.

But one thing I’m sure that GOD is GOOD ALL THE TIME. I received an email from one of my good friend here in KSA and he informed me that one company is looking for HR Coordinator then I immediately sent my CV to that company I received immediately a reply that the interview is set after 2 days. During the interview, I set my mind that I will pass the interview  because this is God’s gift to me because God knows my intention for my eagerness to get this position.

After the interview, I proceed for the examination area, I took an exam for 100 items only and I got 84 correct answers. Then I proceed for the Final Interview, and the Interviewer asked me a few questions only and before the interview end he said to me “ CONGRATULATIONS” you’re our new HR Coordinator. I’m very happy and thankful to GOD to give this wonderful opportunity for me.

I joined in our company ( Saudi Power Transformer Company ) a leading manufacturing company for Power Transformer in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia year 2013 as HR Coordinator and after 1 Year I got a promotion as HR Officer and after 2 Years I got again the promotion as HR Supervisor. I helped a lot of people to fulfill their dreams to work in abroad especially I was assigned and responsible for the Recruitment in our company.

I noticed that without confidence in one’s ability, an individual cannot perform to his or her potential. It is even possible that someone with lesser ability, but with confidence, can outperform this person because belief in oneself can be a powerful influence.

My family is my inspiration to study again that’s why I decided to enrolled in Professional Teaching Certification Program at UPOU. Some of my friends asked, why should I need to study again and why I choose to become a Teacher?

I simply replied to them that I want to become a Teacher because I do believe that teaching is such a rewarding job, you get to make a difference in children lives and help and guide them to make the right choices in life. Being a Teacher is invaluable contribution to change the lives of the students. Essentially, becoming a Teacher lets you take part in shaping the next generation.

 

 

Reference:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Self-efficacy

 

 

eJournal Updates (Module 3) Behaviorism

Behaviorism is very interesting topic for me because I learned a lot from this module. To relate with our previously discussed module on Behaviorism, let me focus on its strengths and weaknesses as theory explaining ones behavior and adaptation to learning.

Strengths of Behaviorism

• Behaviorism is based upon observable behaviors, so it is easier to quantify and collect data and information when conducting research. Since research and experiment is a very powerful tool in providing explanations and clear evidences about a certain phenomenon, early theorists and proponents of behaviourism took pride in initiating the studies of observable behaviors rather than those that cannot be observed and measured (like unconsciousness and repressed sexual desires as the bases for psychodynamic theory).

• Effective therapeutic techniques such as intensive behavioral intervention, behavior analysis, token economies and discrete trial training are all rooted in behaviorism. These approaches are often very useful in changing maladaptive or harmful behaviors in both children and adults. Much has been said about the values of reinforcements like rewards, punishments, Premack principle and others when it comes to facilitating learning. In conclusion, when these techniques are properly used and considered, it will aid in learning things. Otherwise, it will be counter-productive.

Criticisms of Behaviorism

• Many critics argue that behaviorism is a one-dimensional approach to understanding human behavior and that behavioral theories do not account for free will and internal influences such as moods, thoughts and feelings.

As my professor told us, behaviourism tends to be “superficial” or shallow in explaining behavior and learning. It only considers what is observable and measurable, well in fact there are various unseen aspects of an individual that are very vital in his or her personalities and learning capabilities.

• Behaviorism does not account for other types of learning, especially learning that occurs without the use of reinforcement and punishment.

As can be inferred from the theory presented, much of the human behavior and learning abilities were attributed to the effects of external factors that serve as reinforcers or punishers. As contested by other proponents like Albert Bandura, not everything can be explained by outside influence as mentioned. Still, there are many different ways.

• People and animals are able to adapt their behavior when new information is introduced, even if a previous behavior pattern has been established through reinforcement.

It only says that regardless of what behavior an individual learned in the past through the system of reinforcement, he can still be able to modify and/or change it when new circumstances offer new information. I believe that this is true as we also have the process of extinction. As we continue to live, we will encounter many more opportunities for learning.

Behaviorism in general provided us much influence in the field of education and psychology. We can never just deny the fact that some of our beliefs and approaches to life are rooted in this body of knowledge.

In the end, I have to say that no any single theory could ever explain fully how we behave and learn in the context of a changing environment.

Other theories were purposively developed because proponents did find significance. It is now imperative for us, to go out of the box, incorporate and synthesize the impacts of these many theories.

God bless everyone! Happy Learning!

References:

https://www.verywell.com/behavioral-psychology-4013681

https://www.verywell.com/learning-study-guide-2795698

eJournal Updates (Module 2) INTELLIGENCE…

 

As what I have learned in the Module 2 regarding for the THEORIES OF INTELLIGENCE. I have been familiar now with the concept of multiple intelligences. This has been frequently used as an argument against the imposition of logical intelligence in most educational institutions as the prioritized form of intelligence.

Howard Gardner claims that all human beings have multiple intelligences. These multiple intelligences can be nurtured and strengthened, or ignored and weakened. He believes each individual has nine intelligences:

Verbal-Linguistic Intelligence — well-developed verbal skills and sensitivity to the sounds, meanings and rhythms of words

Mathematical-Logical Intelligence — ability to think conceptually and abstractly, and capacity to discern logical or numerical patterns

Musical Intelligence — ability to produce and appreciate rhythm, pitch and timber

Visual-Spatial Intelligence — capacity to think in images and pictures, to visualize accurately and abstractly

Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence — ability to control one’s body movements and to handle objects skillfully

Interpersonal Intelligence — capacity to detect and respond appropriately to the moods, motivations and desires of others.

Intrapersonal Intelligence — capacity to be self-aware and in tune with inner feelings, values, beliefs and thinking processes

Naturalist Intelligence — ability to recognize and categorize plants, animals and other objects in nature

Existential Intelligence — sensitivity and capacity to tackle deep questions about human existence, such as the meaning of life, why do we die, and how did we get here.

Based on his study of many people from many different walks of life in everyday circumstances and professions, Gardner developed the theory of multiple intelligences. He performed interviews with and brain research on hundreds of people, including stroke victims, prodigies, autistic individuals, and so-called “idiot savants.”

According to Gardner,
• All human beings possess all nine intelligences in varying amounts.
• Each person has a different intellectual composition.
• We can improve education by addressing the multiple intelligences of our students.
• These intelligences are located in different areas of the brain and can either work independently or together.
• These intelligences may define the human species.

On the other hand, multiple intelligences as a theory had only been introduced to me in the current module. The references provided for have enlightened me on the main theory and the concept behind it all. And that each individual is endowed with all of these nine intelligences but to varying degrees. As such, addressing these multiple intelligences, along with acknowledging how their degrees vary for every individual, could help improve the education of several learners and may even improve the educational institution itself.

Reference:

http://www.thirteen.org/edonline/concept2class/mi/index.html